Basic Computer Components

Computers are everywhere and vary in specifications, brands, sizes, shapes and prices. However, there is a common feature among all computer systems.but do you know some of its components

We all know that computers are complex devices, machines that consist of an amalgam of electronic components and components. But which computer components are essential for a computer? Modern PCs can still work completely without Bluetooth or a floppy disk drive. Here is a list of computer components that a computer system can not do without.

* Motherboard

The motherboard is a very basic unit in every computer system. This is the computer component to which all other internal computer components are connected. It connects all the other major components of a computer system. As a result, motherboards are sometimes referred to as the “heart” of a computer system.


The central processing unit or CPU is the computer component responsible for running programs and applications on the computer. Without a CPU in your computer, you can not perform tasks – you can not boot with an operating system, you can not play music, videos, and games, and you can not perform word processing. For a computer to work, it must have a CPU.


Random Access Memory or RAM is another important computer component. It is the storage medium on which a computer temporarily stores files and information that can be retrieved at random when running programs and applications. Along with the CPU, RAM determines the speed of the computer. A computer with a large RAM and a mediocre CPU can actually run faster than a computer with a powerful CPU but little RAM.


Unlike RAM, the hard disk drive or hard disk stores computer files and data in the long term. Even without a power supply, the files stored in it remain on the hard disk. The hard disk can store important system files such as the operating system, program files and other data. It can also be used to store MP3s and videos. If the computer runs out of RAM, the hard disk is temporarily used as a virtual memory bank.

* Graphic card

A graphics card allows a computer to display images on the computer monitor. It speeds up the playback of images on the screen and contributes to clearer and more detailed images. PC gamers and multimedia software users will find a dedicated, high-end graphics card that helps smoothly run graphics-intensive programs.

* Power adapter

The AC adapter or AC adapter supplies power to all computer components. It converts the high voltages from an AC outlet into lower voltages, which are safe for internal computer components. Without a power supply, a computer and its components can not boot.
A computer can also benefit from an optical drive for reading and playing CDs and DVDs, a network card and router for connecting to the Internet, and peripherals such as printers and scanners. However, the motherboard, CPU, RAM, HDD, graphics card and power supply are the main components that make up a computer system.The above are its basic building blocks




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